7 Elements of Art

1. Touch your head/hair – our hair has color and texture

2. Cross your hands over your heart – we value things with our heart

3. Stretch your arms out horizontally– from the tips of your fingers on one side to the tips of your fingers on the other side forms a line

4. Trace the contour of your body – this is shape (shape is flat)

5. Extend your arms out from the front and back of your body – this shows form (form has depth)

6. Pretend to swim with your arms – this shows space


7 Elements of Art Definitions

Color: An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity. Hue: name of color; Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value changes when white or black is added); Intensity: quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= color is strong and bright; low intensity= color is faint and dull)

Texture: An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.

Value: The lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.

Line: An element of art defined by a point moving in space.

Shape: An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to height and width.

Form: An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; includes height, width AND depth (as in a cube, a sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free flowing.

Space: An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art.